4.3 Proton Number and Nucleon Number in Atoms of Elements


4.3 Proton Number and Nucleon Number in Atoms of Elements

4.3.1 Proton Number and Nucleon Number
1. The proton number represents the number of proton found in nucleus of an atom. Sometime, it is also known as the atomic number.

2. Nucleons are the subatomic particles inside the nucleus of an atom,
Nucleon = protons and neutrons

3. Nucleon number represents the number of nucleons in an atom.
Nucleon Number = Number of protons + Number of neutrons

 Example:

4. In a neutral atom contains an equal number of protons and electrons.

5. Atoms of certain elements can be represented by the following symbol:




  Number of protons = 8
  Number of electrons = 8
  Number of neutrons = 16 – 8 = 8



6. Table below shows the proton number and nucleon number for some elements.

Atom
Proton
Number
Nucleon
Number
Amount of
Proton
Amount of
electron
Amount of
Neutron
Helium
2
4
2
2
2
Oxygen
8
16
8
8
8
Sodium
11
23
11
11
12
Chlorine
17
35
17
17
18
 Relationship between the number of subatomic particles, proton number and nucleon number